Helen Hughes

Helen Hughes AO 1928 – 2013


Featured Publication

  • Indigenous Education 2012 27 June 2012 | PM129
    In 2008, governments reduced their Indigenous literacy and numeracy target from ‘fix the problem in four years’ to ‘fix half the problem in ten years’. Indigenous Education 2012 shows that most states and territories are struggling to meet even this…...
    In 2008, governments reduced their Indigenous literacy and numeracy target from ‘fix the problem in four years’ to ‘fix half the problem in ten years’. Indigenous Education 2012 shows that most states and territories are struggling to meet even this…
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Media & Commentary

  • A tale of two houses 24 May 2013
    Almost 10 years ago, the leader of an East Arnhem Aboriginal community arrived unannounced at CIS asking for help. His community’s children were not receiving any education so he feared that they would be condemned to a life on welfare.…
    Almost 10 years ago, the leader of an East Arnhem Aboriginal community arrived unannounced at CIS asking for help. His community’s children were not receiving any education so he feared that they would be condemned to a life on welfare.…
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  • Funding students based on Indigeneity demeaning and wasteful 03 May 2013
    The Labor government’s education proposal adds grants for Indigenous students on top of the Gonski recommendations for increased school funding. This proposal does not take into account the overwhelming evidence that funding is not a principal constraint on educational outcomes…
    The Labor government’s education proposal adds grants for Indigenous students on top of the Gonski recommendations for increased school funding. This proposal does not take into account the overwhelming evidence that funding is not a principal constraint on educational outcomes…
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  • Productivity Commission misleads on Indigenous expenditure 07 September 2012
    The Productivity Commission’s second Indigenous Expenditure Report, released earlier this week, shows that Commonwealth, state and territory taxpayer spending on Indigenous Australians has risen by 16% from $21.9 billion in 2008–09 to $25.4 billion in 2010–11. Indigenous-specific expenditure – spending…
    The Productivity Commission’s second Indigenous Expenditure Report, released earlier this week, shows that Commonwealth, state and territory taxpayer spending on Indigenous Australians has risen by 16% from $21.9 billion in 2008–09 to $25.4 billion in 2010–11. Indigenous-specific expenditure – spending…
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  • Home, sweet home 13 July 2012
    Something unusual is happening in Baniyala in East Arnhem Land, Northern Territory. Footings are being poured this week for two new houses. Unlike other houses on Australia’s Indigenous lands, these two-bedroom houses are being built privately for Baniyala families. Although…
    Something unusual is happening in Baniyala in East Arnhem Land, Northern Territory. Footings are being poured this week for two new houses. Unlike other houses on Australia’s Indigenous lands, these two-bedroom houses are being built privately for Baniyala families. Although…
    read more
  • Poor education is letting Indigenous children down 06 July 2012 | The Drum
    Recently released census Indigenous data for 2011 shows that more than 85 per cent of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders live in capital cities and regional towns and work in a range of occupations as truck drivers, tradies, professionals and…
    Recently released census Indigenous data for 2011 shows that more than 85 per cent of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders live in capital cities and regional towns and work in a range of occupations as truck drivers, tradies, professionals and…
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Publications

  • NSW Community Discussion Paper: Improving Educational Outcomes for Aboriginal People 23 March 2012
    By ending the raft of current discriminatory, costly and ineffective Indigenous education policies, the New South Wales Coalition Government has the opportunity to ensure all Indigenous children starting school in 2013 receive a quality education.This submission is based on four years' research on Indigenous education, including three published papers and…...
    By ending the raft of current discriminatory, costly and ineffective Indigenous education policies, the New South Wales Coalition Government has the opportunity to ensure all Indigenous children starting school in 2013 receive a quality education.This submission is based on four years' research on Indigenous education, including three published papers and…
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  • Review of Higher Education Access and Outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People 18 November 2011
    Australia has a serious problem in low participation in higher education by students from low socio-economic backgrounds. Indigenous children from urban welfare dependent families, just like non-Indigenous children from similar welfare dependent backgrounds, have very low participation in higher education. The mainstream schools they attend – so called ‘sink’ schools…...
    Australia has a serious problem in low participation in higher education by students from low socio-economic backgrounds. Indigenous children from urban welfare dependent families, just like non-Indigenous children from similar welfare dependent backgrounds, have very low participation in higher education. The mainstream schools they attend – so called ‘sink’ schools…
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  • Submission to Remote Participation and Employment Servicing Arrangements 11 October 2011
    The Discussion Paper’s focus on participation and employment in remote Indigenous communities is welcome because it distinguishes remote communities from the majority of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. But it does deal with the inappropriate government policies that are the cause of low remote Indigenous labour force participation and high…...
    The Discussion Paper’s focus on participation and employment in remote Indigenous communities is welcome because it distinguishes remote communities from the majority of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. But it does deal with the inappropriate government policies that are the cause of low remote Indigenous labour force participation and high…
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  • FaHCSIA Indigenous Economic Development Strategy 2010 17 December 2010
    Governments state that their objective is for Indigenous townships to develop and prosper like
    Governments state that their objective is for Indigenous townships to develop and prosper like
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  • Submission to Indigenous Home Ownership Issues Paper 2010 15 December 2010
    Part 1 of this submission shows that incorrect data and lack of analysis on Indigenous home ownership continues to mislead policy development. It has resulted in government policies that make it impossible for Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders to own their own homes on Indigenous lands.
    Part 1 of this submission shows that incorrect data and lack of analysis on Indigenous home ownership continues to mislead policy development. It has resulted in government policies that make it impossible for Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders to own their own homes on Indigenous lands.
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  • Submission to Native Title Leading Practice Agreements Discussion Paper 2010 30 November 2010
    The Native Title process is only one of the processes returning land to traditional owners. The lack of benefits to the Indigenous landowners from the process, however, is due to policies that affect all return of Indigenous land.
    The Native Title process is only one of the processes returning land to traditional owners. The lack of benefits to the Indigenous landowners from the process, however, is due to policies that affect all return of Indigenous land.
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  • Private Housing on Indigenous Lands 17 November 2010 | PM113
    Almost 20% of Australia and almost 50% of the Northern Territory are Indigenous lands. Yet Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders cannot build their own houses on them. Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders living on their lands have the lowest living standards in Australia. They cannot access the benefits of the land they…...
    Almost 20% of Australia and almost 50% of the Northern Territory are Indigenous lands. Yet Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders cannot build their own houses on them. Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders living on their lands have the lowest living standards in Australia. They cannot access the benefits of the land they…
    READ MORE
  • Indigenous Education 2010 20 April 2010 | PM110
    The 2009 NAPLAN results for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students again show high rates of failure to meet the national minimum standards. Failure rates of 40 to 50% are common in Indigenous schools and rise to more than 70% in the Northern Territory. If schools are ranked by NAPLAN…...
    The 2009 NAPLAN results for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students again show high rates of failure to meet the national minimum standards. Failure rates of 40 to 50% are common in Indigenous schools and rise to more than 70% in the Northern Territory. If schools are ranked by NAPLAN…
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  • Indigenous Employment, Unemployment and Labour Force Participation: Facts for Evidence Based Policies 10 February 2010 | PM107
    More than 300,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders—60% of those identifying as Indigenous—are in the labour force, working and living in capital cities and country towns; owning, buying or commercially renting their houses; and living like most other Australians. There is no ‘gap’ between these Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders…...
    More than 300,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders—60% of those identifying as Indigenous—are in the labour force, working and living in capital cities and country towns; owning, buying or commercially renting their houses; and living like most other Australians. There is no ‘gap’ between these Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders…
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  • Revisiting Indigenous Education 09 April 2009 | PM94
    Literacy and numeracy of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in remote Australia have not improved in 20 years. A perceived gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous students has masked the real gap between non-performing Indigenous remote schools and mainstream schools, laying the blame for low Indigenous achievement on ethnicity rather than…...
    Literacy and numeracy of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in remote Australia have not improved in 20 years. A perceived gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous students has masked the real gap between non-performing Indigenous remote schools and mainstream schools, laying the blame for low Indigenous achievement on ethnicity rather than…
    READ MORE
  • The Bipolar Pacific 21 August 2008 | IA98
    Australians have become accustomed to bad news from the Pacific islands. Conflict in the Solomon Islands, coups in Fiji, murders by raskol gangs in Papua New Guinea, and the burning of Chinatown in Nukulofa in Tonga indicate an ‘arc of instability’ at our doorstep. But there appear to be two…...
    Australians have become accustomed to bad news from the Pacific islands. Conflict in the Solomon Islands, coups in Fiji, murders by raskol gangs in Papua New Guinea, and the burning of Chinatown in Nukulofa in Tonga indicate an ‘arc of instability’ at our doorstep. But there appear to be two…
    READ MORE
  • Indigenous Education in the Northern Territory 07 April 2008 | PM83
    The causes of failing education—inequitable school facilities, inappropriate curriculums, and inadequate teaching—in Aboriginal schools are well known. Unfortunately, these causes have not been addressed in the Rudd government’s appropriation of $98 million to add 200 teachers to the Northern Territory by 2011. Helen Hughes suggests answers to the problems beseting…...
    The causes of failing education—inequitable school facilities, inappropriate curriculums, and inadequate teaching—in Aboriginal schools are well known. Unfortunately, these causes have not been addressed in the Rudd government’s appropriation of $98 million to add 200 teachers to the Northern Territory by 2011. Helen Hughes suggests answers to the problems beseting…
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  • Kava and after in the Nhulunbuy (Gulf of Carpenteria) Hinterland 08 October 2007 | IA88
    Worldwide, people strive to educate their children, to work, to own or rent a decent dwelling, to enjoy family and friends and to participate in social, political and cultural activities of their choosing. When work is done, they may take pleasure in a glass of beer or wine in pleasant…...
    Worldwide, people strive to educate their children, to work, to own or rent a decent dwelling, to enjoy family and friends and to participate in social, political and cultural activities of their choosing. When work is done, they may take pleasure in a glass of beer or wine in pleasant…
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  • Lands of Shame: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ‘Homelands’ in Transition 30 June 2007 | SP09
    Some 90,000 of Australia’s 500,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders live appallingly deprived lives in ‘homelands’ throughout remote Australia.  Although these ‘homelands’ were created with the best of intentions, they have not only failed to provide a living for Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, but they have stultified the development…...
    Some 90,000 of Australia’s 500,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders live appallingly deprived lives in ‘homelands’ throughout remote Australia.  Although these ‘homelands’ were created with the best of intentions, they have not only failed to provide a living for Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, but they have stultified the development…
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  • Should Australia and New Zealand Open Their Doors to Guest Workers From the Pacific? Costs and Benefits 04 September 2006 | PM72
    Should Australia and New Zealand depart from their long term immigration policies to provide work places for short term seasonal guest workers from the Pacific. This monograph addresses the costs and benefits of such a policy departure for the guest workers, for Australia and New Zealand, and for the people…...
    Should Australia and New Zealand depart from their long term immigration policies to provide work places for short term seasonal guest workers from the Pacific. This monograph addresses the costs and benefits of such a policy departure for the guest workers, for Australia and New Zealand, and for the people…
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  • Annals of Aid: Vanuatu and The United States Millenium Challenge Corporation 05 April 2006 | IA69
    Vanuatu, with a population of 200,000, is a medium sized Pacific state that became independent from the British-French Pacific Condominium in 1980. Vanuatu has rich agricultural land, marine resources and many beautiful tourist sites. Like other Pacific islands, it is well located with respect to burgeoning Asian markets. But instead…...
    Vanuatu, with a population of 200,000, is a medium sized Pacific state that became independent from the British-French Pacific Condominium in 1980. Vanuatu has rich agricultural land, marine resources and many beautiful tourist sites. Like other Pacific islands, it is well located with respect to burgeoning Asian markets. But instead…
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  • The Economics of Indigenous Deprivation and Proposals for Reform 23 September 2005 | IA63
    The 450,000 Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders who make up Australia’s Indigenous population fall into two roughly equally sized groups: those in remote communities, fringe settlements and capital-city ghettos, and those integrated into the mainstream economy in capital cities and towns in regional Australia. As a result of separatist…...
    The 450,000 Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders who make up Australia’s Indigenous population fall into two roughly equally sized groups: those in remote communities, fringe settlements and capital-city ghettos, and those integrated into the mainstream economy in capital cities and towns in regional Australia. As a result of separatist…
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  • Papua New Guinea’s Choice: A Tale of Two Nations 31 May 2005 | IA58
    Even these small beginnings invited a vigorous opposition. For police supplementing their pay by consorting with raskols, the presence of Australian officers meant a sharp cut in income. More than 300 police, protesting their low wages, demanded that the Australians leave. For senior police officers allegedly paid by Chinese triads…...
    Even these small beginnings invited a vigorous opposition. For police supplementing their pay by consorting with raskols, the presence of Australian officers meant a sharp cut in income. More than 300 police, protesting their low wages, demanded that the Australians leave. For senior police officers allegedly paid by Chinese triads…
    READ MORE
  • A New Deal for Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in Remote Communities 01 March 2005 | IA54
    Since the 1970s Australia has been conducting a socialist experiment in remote communities with the lives of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. Coombs, Brandl and Snowdon provided the blueprint in A Certain Heritage, advocating communal land ownership, supported by substantial welfare transfers, to create an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander…...
    Since the 1970s Australia has been conducting a socialist experiment in remote communities with the lives of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. Coombs, Brandl and Snowdon provided the blueprint in A Certain Heritage, advocating communal land ownership, supported by substantial welfare transfers, to create an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander…
    READ MORE
  • The Pacific is Viable! 02 December 2004 | IA53
    All is quiet in the Pacific. The past year has seen no coups or new insurrections. Nauru voted out those who led it from riches to rags and now struggles to save something from the wreckage. But for the 30th successive year, there has been no growth. With aid running…...
    All is quiet in the Pacific. The past year has seen no coups or new insurrections. Nauru voted out those who led it from riches to rags and now struggles to save something from the wreckage. But for the 30th successive year, there has been no growth. With aid running…
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  • From Riches to Rags What Are Nauru’s Options and How Can Australia Help? 18 August 2004 | IA50
    Thirty years after enjoying the world’s second highest per capita GDP after Saudi Arabia, Nauru is on the verge of insolvency, has appalling health problems and was declared one of the first ‘rogue’ states under the United States Patriot Act. Nauru’s misfortunes have been primarily brought about by a disregard…...
    Thirty years after enjoying the world’s second highest per capita GDP after Saudi Arabia, Nauru is on the verge of insolvency, has appalling health problems and was declared one of the first ‘rogue’ states under the United States Patriot Act. Nauru’s misfortunes have been primarily brought about by a disregard…
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  • Can Papua New Guinea Come Back From the Brink? 14 July 2004 | IA49
    After seven months of wrangling, arrangements have finally been agreed to cover the deployment of more than 260 Australian police and other officials to Papua New Guinea (PNG) to help restore law and order. The ‘enhanced aid’ is part of a total Australian aid programme of over $400 million for…...
    After seven months of wrangling, arrangements have finally been agreed to cover the deployment of more than 260 Australian police and other officials to Papua New Guinea (PNG) to help restore law and order. The ‘enhanced aid’ is part of a total Australian aid programme of over $400 million for…
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  • Aid Has Failed the Pacific 07 May 2003 | IA33
    Per capita income has grown at less than 1% a year in the Pacific during the past 30 years. In some islands it has declined. Population has grown at more than 3% a year. The discrepancy between population and income growth lies at the core of the Pacific’s problems. The…...
    Per capita income has grown at less than 1% a year in the Pacific during the past 30 years. In some islands it has declined. Population has grown at more than 3% a year. The discrepancy between population and income growth lies at the core of the Pacific’s problems. The…
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  • Immigrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers : A Global View 26 June 2002 | PM54
    A worldwide excess of demand for immigration means that Western countries cannot accommodate more than a small proportion of immigrants without severe social dislocation, says Helen Hughes. The world has a long history of unintegrated migration. 'Where immigrants failed to integrate into the societies to which they moved, centuries of…...
    A worldwide excess of demand for immigration means that Western countries cannot accommodate more than a small proportion of immigrants without severe social dislocation, says Helen Hughes. The world has a long history of unintegrated migration. 'Where immigrants failed to integrate into the societies to which they moved, centuries of…
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  • Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value: Moving Toward, Or Away From, Wage Justice for Women? 26 June 1998 | IA2
    Equal pay for equal work initiatives in the 1970s gave Australia a lead in closing the gap between women’s and men’s earnings. A 10 per cent gap for full time workers and a 20 per cent gap for all workers remains, mainly because women have different labour force characteristics than…...
    Equal pay for equal work initiatives in the 1970s gave Australia a lead in closing the gap between women’s and men’s earnings. A 10 per cent gap for full time workers and a 20 per cent gap for all workers remains, mainly because women have different labour force characteristics than…
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  • Working Youth:Tackling Australian Youth Unemployment 01 May 1996 | PM34
    Youth unemployment is a major social and economic problem. The official statistics put youth unemployment at 14 per cent, affecting over 300,000 young people between the ages of 15 and 24. Teenagers have unemployment rates that are nearly twice as high as those in their twenties. Youth unemployment is not…...
    Youth unemployment is a major social and economic problem. The official statistics put youth unemployment at 14 per cent, affecting over 300,000 young people between the ages of 15 and 24. Teenagers have unemployment rates that are nearly twice as high as those in their twenties. Youth unemployment is not…
    READ MORE