Despite a rapid increase in wealth and living standards over the past few decades, more Australians are dependent on the public purse than ever before. Today, almost one in six working age Australians relies on welfare for all or part of their income. A growing welfare state means an ever higher tax take is needed, bringing more taxpayers in to the welfare system. How can government promote individual responsibility and self-reliance, while still providing a safety net? How can patterns of joblessness and dependency be broken?